Homophobic bullying is often present in an environment that fails to challenge and respond to homophobia. Bullying website promote the hate towards gay. lesbian and trans people often questioning their sanity and make fun of their appearances.
Like other forms of bullying, homophobic bullying can be physical, verbal or indirect.
Bullying and cyberbullying have been studied extensively. In lesbian, gay, bisexual students these phenomena seem to be overrepresented so that, although they share some common elements, homophobic bullying and cyberbullying can be considered as specific phenomena.
What about transgender people?
Gender identity and sexual orientation are two different things. Gender identity describes a person’s gender. Sexual orientation describes whether a person is heterosexual, lesbian, gay or bisexual. The description of someone as transgender refers to their gender identity.
Some young people come to realise that their biological gender is not the same as the gender with which they identify, that is, they are born a girl but feel like a boy, or a born a boy and feel like a girl. Some Trans young people can be heterosexual, lesbian, gay or bisexual, but like all pupils can experience homophobic bullying and should be protected from it.
Trans pupils may not conform to accepted gender norms and roles and therefore may experience homophobic bullying as a result. It is therefore important to be alert to the unique sort of bullying they may experience and protect them accordingly.
Unfortunately authorities don't exist when it comes to cyberbullying or cyberharassment.
A school is not legally responsible for bullying that takes place outside school, but can take steps to tackle any bullying inside school, and be responsive to incidents that happen outside school.
Under the Education and Inspection Act 2006 a school’s behaviour policy can include, as far as is reasonable, measures to regulate behaviour outside school premises when pupils are not in the charge or control of members of staff (which is particularly pertinent to cyberbullying).